AUGUSTUS DENARIUS – CLIPEUS VIRTUTIS ISSUE FROM SPAIN – XF NGC GRADED ROMAN IMPERIAL COIN OF THE 12 CAESARS (Inv. 16714)
ROMAN EMPIRE. AUGUSTUS, 27 BC – AD 14.
Silver Denarius, 3.81 g, 19 mm, 6h. Minted at a Spanish Mint, perhaps Caesaraugusta, ca. 19-18 BC.
Obv. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head of Augustus right.
Rev. S P Q R. / CL V inscribed on a shield.
RIC I 42a.
NGC graded XF, Strike 5/5, Surface 4/5. A important coin for Augustan propaganda this issue shows the Clipeus Virtutis (“Shield of Virtue”), one of the many honors received by Augustus and mentioned in his Res Gestae: “In my 6th and 7th consulships, after I had put an end to the civil wars, having by universal consent acquired control of all affairs, I transferred government from my own authority to the discretion of the Senate and people of Rome. For this service of mine, by decree of the Senate I received the name Augustus, and the doorposts of my house were publicly decked with laurels, a civic crown was fixed above my door, and a gold shield was set up in the Julian senate house, the inscription to which testifies that it was given to me by the Senate and people of Rome in honor of my fortitude, clemency, justice, and piety” [Res Gestae, 34, as translated in K. Chisholm, Rome – The Augustan Age]. Although the original Clipeus Virtutis from Rome has not survived, a marble copy of the monument is preserved in Arles, France.