AUGUSTUS SILVER DENARIUS – ICONIC CORONA CIVICA REVERSE TYPE COMMEMORATING AUGUSTUS AS SAVIOR OF ROME – CHOICE FINE NGC GRADED ROMAN IMPERIAL COIN (Inv. 16324)
ROMAN EMPIRE. AUGUSTUS, 27 BC-14 AD.
Silver Denarius, 3.67 g, 19 mm. Minted at a Spanish Mint, perhaps Colonia Caesaraugusta, ca. 19-18 BC.
Obv. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, head of Augustus left.
Rev. OB CIVES SERVATOS, within the corona civica (oak wreath).
RIC I 40b; RSC 211.
Ex CNG 49, 3/17/1999, lot 1392.
NGC graded CHOICE FINE, Strike 4/5, Surface 4/5, an evenly circulated coin that has maintained an attractive look and displays a great portrait of Augustus. The reverse type, an oak crown called the corona civica, was an honor bestowed upon Augustus by the Senate “for Saving Citizens” (“Ob Cives Servatos”). Originally the corona civica was a military decoration given to a soldier who saved a colleague’s life in war, but here the Senate ingeniously awarded it for Augustus for saving the lives of many by bringing the Civil War to an end. The type became a staple of Roman imperial iconography and was used in art and coinage throughout the Julio-Claudian dynasty and beyond.